School of Population Health

Monitoring the Smoking epidemic through questions on death notifications

Image smoking cessation

Questions on smoking on death notification forms are an enduring way to monitor the burden and evolution of smoking in countries worldwide. Smoking questions were introduced in South Africa in 1997 and in Tianjin Municipality in 2011. Accruing about 70,000 adult deaths per year with smoking information, these are some of the largest studies on smoking attributed mortality worldwide. Current work includes quantification of risks of infectious respiratory disease, and measuring the benefits of cessation after hospitalisation.


Key Publications

  • Li W, Wang D, Zhang H, Zhang Y, Zheng W, Xue X, Shen W, Sitas F, Jiang G. The methodology for assessing smoking-attributed mortality based on All Causes of Death Surveillance in Tianjin, China, 2010-2015. Tob Induc Dis. 2020 Mar 23; 18:21. doi: 10.18332/tid/116970.
  • Sitas F, Bradshaw D, Egger S, Jiang G, Peto R. Smoking counts: experience of implementing questions on smoking on official death certification systems. Int J Epidemiol. 2019 Apr 1; 48(2): 633-639. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyy226.